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A regional vision of mobility
Why talk about mobility and not transportation?
Mobility is the ability of people to move around, regardless of the mode of transportation. It includes travel required for daily activities such as going to work or school, shopping, or visiting family and friends. Mobility involves the concept of accessibility and takes into account both the transportation system (how people travel, land use planning and destinations) and the social and economic conditions of individuals and the places they go.
The use of the term “mobility” therefore places the ability of individuals to move around at the heart of each of our initiatives, instead of focusing on the construction of infrastructure, acquisition of rolling stock, the transit system or the network map. Even though we are still discussing transportation, it is primarily from the perspective of people – and their social, economic and geographic characteristics – that public transit issues will be addressed as we elaborate our strategic development plan. All of this obviously includes specific elements of sustainable mobility, with an approach that focusses on getting people around as well as the environment. From a metropolitan point of view, it also encompasses land use so that easy, integrated and seamless mobility, vibrant communities and a thriving economy all go hand in hand.
What are the main goals of sustainable mobility?
Sustainable mobility is based on a transport system that:
- meets individuals’ primary access needs in an equitable, safe and healthy manner;
- is reasonably priced, operates efficiently, offers a choice of modes of transport and supports a vibrant economy;
- minimizes use of space and resources, is integrated into the environment and reduces greenhouse gas emissions and waste.
(Vivre en Ville, d’après Québec. OQLF, 2011, and the Centre pour un transport durable, 2002)